Hazrat Gausul Azam Shah Sufi Moulana Syed Ahmadullah Al-Hasani (Hazrat Kebla Kaba), the 37th descendant of Prophet Muhammad (s) was the founder of the Maizbhandari was a very Majestic Saint. Ahmed Ullah Maizbhandari was born on January 15, 1826, corresponding to Magh 1, 1233 of the Bengali calendar year. A renowned religious scholar and spiritual leader Hazrat Mohiuddin Ibn Arabi (1165-1240) predicted the birth of Hazrat Kebla Kaba even 586 years before his birth. He also predicted that the whole world would be enlightened by the knowledge and spiritual power of Ahmed Ullah Maizbhandari.
Maizbhandari spent his childhood in his native district of Chittagong. After finishing his secondary education, he was admitted to Calcutta Alia Madrasha (Aliah University) of British India, for his higher studies in Islamic religion and philosophy.
After completing his studies, Ahmed Ullah Maizbhandari was appointed as the sessions judge (i.e. judge for the administration of criminal justice, widely known as kazi) of Jessore, which is now a district of Bangladesh. However, a year later; he resigned from the judiciary post and started teaching in calcutta alia madrasa (Arabic translation of school) and at a religious college of munsi bo’ali in Calcutta. Along with this pursue, he was engaged in preaching religious teachings of Islam among people and addressing public in religious gatherings.
Ahmed Ullah Maizbhandari became influenced by the spiritual teaching of Abu Shahama Mohammed Saleh Al-Qaderi Lahori, a Sufi sheikh and of a Sufi lineage. He initiated a (Bay’ah) (Arabic for ‘promise’) to him as a Sufi disciple and later became appointed as his Sufi Order successor (a khalifa). Abu Shahama Mohammed Saleh Al-Qaderi Lahori recommended him to go to another Sufi, Saint Delwar Ali Pakbaz. He then returned home from Calcutta.
He married at the age of 32, and his only son was Faizul Haque Maizbhandari. After the departure of Hazrat Ahmed Ullah Maizbhandari (K) his Maizbhandari philosophy spread through his successor nephew Gausul Azam Hazrat Shaah Sufi Syed Gulamur Rahman known as Baba Bhandari (K) (1865-1937) who took the order to its pinnacle height in terms of manifestation. One of his Khalifas was his another nephew Aminul Haque Maizbhandari.
The term ‘khalifa’ means a deputy, caliph, successor or apostle of a Sufi sheikh. The Khalifa is to act as an authorized successor of own Sufi Master or Pir (Sufism ). Though, as the founder of (Maizbhanderi Sufi Order), the universal Sufi sheikh Ahmed Ullah Maizbhanderi had millions of followers, affectionate and Sufi disciples (Murid) in South Asia and all over the world. He also appointed hundreds of khalifas to continue his Sufi teachings and thoughts among people. Other Khalifas were from different places in addition to disciples from different religions too. It is thought that, some of them remain un-identified until today as they moved away to different parts of the region, desiring to remain unknown due to their personal requests and desire to which they kept themselves engaged in introspective thoughts and practices. For the first time, a list of his successors was published by one of his descendants, Delwar Hossain Maizbhanderi, in his famous work Gausul Azam Maizbhandarir Jiboni O Karamat (Life sketch of Hazrat Kebla Kaba). In that book, the author expressed his sorrow for such an incomplete list. Meanwhile, many among those of his khalifas became famous later on in society for their works and Sufi activities. As a way to continue what Delwar Hossain Maizbhanderi began, that list was published two more times; once in Noxar Shondhane, the preface of Rahe Bhander Sufi Order as a descending followers apart of the Maizbhanderi Sufi Order and also on occasion of the 100th Disappearance Anniversary of Ahmed Ullah Maizbhanderi. Here, a successors’ list of Ahmed Ullah Maizbhanderi is being written, following all those and other published lists.
Ahmed Ullah Maizbhandari died on January 23, 1906, which corresponded to Magh 10, 1313 of the Bengali calendar. He was aged 80. He was entombed in a shrine beside a pond near his house. The shrine has been re-built in a more modern design to include others from his family and followers.
Gausul Azam Moulana Ahmed Ullah Maizbhanderi succeeded the spiritual chain of Abu Shahama Mohammed Saleh Al-Qaderi Lahori and appointed hundreds of successors. Some of his successors began teaching their individual Sufi thoughts and practices as they sought to be recognized as a newer Sufi Order.
He was succeeded by his grandson Syed Delwar Hossain Maizbhandari (Dela Moina/1893-1982) to spread his teaching and philosophy to mankind. Syed Delwar Hossain Maizbhandari subsequently selected his 3rd son Syed Emdadul Hoque to carry forward the legacy of this great saint in his absence. Syed Emdadul Hoque is presently the Sajjadanshin of Darbar-e Gousal Azam Maizbhandar and spreading the teaching of Sufi Ahmedullah Maizbhandari (Gousal Azam).
Every year Magh 10 of the Bengali calendar, on his death anniversary millions of devotees gather at Maizbhandar Sharif to perform Urs and rejuvenate their minds and seek blessings of Allah.